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Astrology in Aztec Civilization

By MrSmith Jan 13, 2024

Astrology, which is the study of the movements and positions of celestial bodies and their influence on human affairs and natural events, was deeply embedded in the Aztec civilization․ The Aztec people, who flourished in Mesoamerica from the 14th to the 16th century٫ had a complex understanding of astrology and its impact on their daily lives;

Aztec Cosmology

The Aztecs believed in a complex cosmology that viewed the universe as a living entity, with every aspect interconnected and influenced by celestial bodies․ They associated different celestial bodies with specific gods and believed that these gods had the power to shape their destiny․

The Aztec cosmos was divided into different layers, with each layer representing a different celestial realm․ At the center of their beliefs was the concept of the ″cosmic tree,″ which linked the Earth with the heavens and the underworld․ This cosmic tree was a vital connection between the physical and spiritual realms․

Astrology in Aztec Civilization

Astrological Symbols in Aztec Culture

Like many ancient civilizations, the Aztecs developed a system of astrological symbols to represent celestial bodies and their influence on human lives․ These symbols were used in various aspects of Aztec culture, including art, architecture, and religious ceremonies․

One of the most prominent astrological symbols in Aztec culture was the ″tonalli,″ which represented an individual’s destiny or personal energy․ Each person was believed to be born with a specific tonalli that determined their personality traits and life path․ The tonalli was associated with a specific day in the Aztec calendar, and individuals would often consult astrologers to understand the implications of their tonalli․

The Aztecs also assigned specific gods to different celestial bodies, such as the sun, moon, and planets․ These gods were believed to have a significant influence on various aspects of life, including agriculture, warfare, and fertility․ The Aztecs would offer sacrifices and perform rituals to appease these celestial gods and seek their favor․

Astrology and Daily Life in Aztec Society

Astrology played a vital role in shaping the daily lives and decision-making processes of the Aztec people․ They believed that the alignment of celestial bodies could affect the outcomes of various activities, such as hunting, planting crops, or going to war․ Astrologers would make predictions and provide advice based on the positioning of celestial bodies, helping individuals and rulers make important choices․

For example, the Aztecs had a highly advanced agricultural system, and they relied on astrology to determine the best time for planting and harvesting crops․ They believed that cosmic energies could influence the success of their agricultural endeavors, and by aligning their actions with the movement of celestial bodies, they hoped to ensure bountiful harvests․

The Decline of Astrology in Aztec Civilization

With the arrival of Spanish conquistadors in the 16th century, the Aztec civilization underwent rapid change, and many of their traditional beliefs, including astrology, were suppressed or abandoned․ The Catholic Church viewed Aztec astrology as pagan and enforced the conversion of the native population to Christianity․

As a result, the practice of astrology among the Aztecs eventually faded away, and their rich astrological traditions were lost over time․ However, remnants of their beliefs and symbols can still be seen in the artwork and historical records that survive from this ancient civilization․


Astrology held a prominent place in the Aztec civilization, shaping their beliefs, daily lives, and decision-making processes․ The intricate understanding of celestial bodies and their influence on human affairs is evidence of the Aztec’s advanced knowledge and appreciation of the cosmos․ Although astrology declined with the arrival of the Spanish, its impact on Aztec culture is a testament to the lasting influence of the stars and their connection to human existence․

By MrSmith

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