Acne is a common skin condition that affects people of all ages, not just teenagers. Many adults in their 40s still battle with breakouts, and it’s clear that a lot of people are trying to deal with their acne at home, without the help of a dermatologist. This can lead to confusion about what products to use and what routines to follow.
Acne is caused by a variety of factors, including hormonal changes, genetics, dirt and skin debris, sweat, bacteria, and even stress. Women are more prone to breakouts due to their menstrual cycle and sensitivity to certain hormones. There is also evidence that diet, particularly dairy, can worsen acne. Acne can manifest as different types of lesions, including comedones, papules, pustules, and cysts.
When it comes to skincare routines to fight acne, it is important to consult with a board-certified dermatologist to determine the best treatment plan. This may include prescription treatments such as oral or topical antibiotics, retinoids, or hormonal medications. It is also crucial to use noncomedogenic and oil-free products to avoid worsening breakouts.
The best skincare routine for acne includes gentle cleansing with non-foaming or hydrating cleansers in the morning, followed by the use of treatment products containing ingredients like salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide. It is also important to use a moisturizer with SPF during the day to protect the skin from environmental factors and prevent post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. At night, cleansing with a salicylic acid cleanser and using a retinoid is recommended to keep acne at bay.
Overall, a comprehensive and multi-faceted approach to skincare is necessary to effectively treat and prevent acne breakouts. Working with a dermatologist to develop a personalized treatment plan and using noncomedogenic products can help individuals effectively address their acne concerns. With the right routine and products, it is possible to manage acne and achieve clearer, healthier skin.